Types of storage tanks The average height of the ground tanks is 13.72 m, and each may be placed inside a hole (dump) or
a few tanks in a hole.
The dams mentioned above are physical obstacles that prevent the contents of the tank from spreading and dismembering
when the reservoir overflows or damages it.
The most important types of these tanks are:
• Cone roof and dome roof tanks
• Open top floating roof tanks
• Covered (Internal) Floating Roof Tanks with Covered Tanks
• Vertical low-pressure storage tanks
• Horizontal Storage Tanks
Tanks used to store flammable materials are generally identified based on the physical properties of the stored product,
But this is not always true. There are cases where the products stored inside the tank regardless of a particular product.
Cone roof and dome roof tanks ,these reservories are similar and different only in roof shape.
Dome roofs,as their name suggests,are dome-shaped,but depending on the slope of the ceiling,their dome shapes may not be visible
from the ground.
In these tanks there is a space between the surface of the product inside it and the underlying roof, called the Vapor Space.
These tanks are generally used to store fluids with a Flash Point or a degree of ignition of 37 ° C or more. But there were also some
cases The liquids containing the lower Flash Point have been stored in these reservoirs and cause Vapor Space ignition.
These reservoirs are equipped with a pressure / vacuum compensator, which allows internal pressure to be approximately equal
to the atmospheric pressure of the outer space. This device allows the tank to be filled during emptying or in conditions of change
Extreme temperatures that change the pressure of the Vapor Space will breathe. The dome and cone roofs also have a hole called
Weak roof to shell. In the event of an accident such as an internal surge of explosion or similar, the roof of the body The vertical
separation is prevented by firing the components of the tank by explosion.
Open top floating roof tanks These tanks have a floating ceiling on the surface of the liquid inside the tank.
This roof goes up and down inside the tank with the material inside it. The advantage of these roofs is that there is no vapor space in
the type of dome.
These tanks can be made through a metal ring Around it, it's drawn up above, it recognizes dome tanks.
The tanks we talked about here are in many refineries as well as in areas such as petrochemical facilities, airports and sea terminals.
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