Fire-fighting vehicles are divided into two sections and six groups based on capacity.
Section A:Light vehicles with two groups:
• 1- Headquarters
• 2- Station, van and pickup
Section B: Semi-heavy and heavy vehicles including 4 groups:
• 1- Two-axle trucks
• Two axle trucks
• 3-axle trucks and trailers
• 4 special and support vehicles
Fire-fighting vehicles based on user type including 10 groups:
• 1-car (riding)
• 2 ambulances
• 3 ordinary fire trucks
• 4-car ladder
• 5- Airport firefighting vehicle
• 6 industrial fire trucks
• 7 firewood cars
• 8 rescue cars and special events
• 9- Command and operation vehicle
• 10-car support
1 - Rally Car:
While in everyday use of the firefighting commanders, the car allows the commander to attend an incident that is relatively severe
and important,quickly at the scene of the incident.The car is therefore considered as a strong, fast and safe ride, and also has a wireless,
siren and light bulb, colored lights and special fire signs.
2 - Ambulance Car:
In countries like Japan, medical services are also provided by the fire department, therefore, in the fire department of these countries,
ambulance equipment is provided with experienced personnel to provide medical services.Also, since the firefighters are exposed to various
types of injuries and incidents during fire fighting, rescue and relief operations, they must be deployed at the scene of the incident,
especially in the event of severe and important medical and welfare facilities.
3 - Typical fire truck:
These vehicles are the most important and most effective means of combating fires, they are also called fire trucks,this vehicle is
the most important means of fire fighting firefighting organizations based on human settlements, including towns, towns and villages,
and is also known as a"city firefighting vehicle."
4 - Ladder Car:
This group of ambulances was built to carry out alert and fire rescue operations at altitude. The overall building is a chassis with sliding
or lifting ladders mounted on it. New examples of these vehicles include vehicles such as a carry case, a fire extinguisher monitor,
a patient stretcher, and more.
Motor ladders are made in a variety of light (low), medium and high. Ladder carriers lack a water tank or any other extinguishing agent,
but some of them have a fire pump.
5 - Airport firefighting vehicle:
According to the International Air Transport Association standards, all civilian airports should have appropriate firefighting and
In this way, a group of firefighting vehicles specifically designed to serve at airports. The features of these cars include high speed, the ability
to move in rugged terrain around the airport, a large water tank and floor, a powerful monitor and more. Since the disaster relief operations must
be carried out very quickly, in order to save the lives of the occupants of the aircraft and in terms of the success of the shutdown of fire, automatic
fire fighting operations are carried out through high-power car monitors.
The other thing is the need to move the car during the foam throw.
6 - Industrial Fire Fighting Vehicle:
Many industries are exposed to various types of hazards resulting in fire and explosion due to the type of raw material used, the process of
production or the type of product. Among these industries, chemical and petrochemical industries can be mentioned. Special vehicles were also
designed to deal with emergencies in these industries. One of the most prominent features of these cars is the existence of a variety of silos.
A multimode fire extinguisher is one of the heavy-duty industrial fire trucks that has a variety of water tank, floor, exhaust gas and carbon dioxide.
7 - Forest fire fighting vehicle:
For the fight against forest fires, cars are needed to easily navigate mountainous and rugged roads. Vehicles with a relatively small water tank,
strong engine and sturdy chassis.Helicopter cars have been used to produce more powerful cars.
8 - Rescue vehicle and special events:
This group of rescue vehicles typically looks similar to conventional fire extinguishers, but unlike them, they do not have a water tank and
no fire extinguisher!
Instead, in the interior of their room, they are deployed skillfully in a variety of types of life-saving equipment, to be used in various
accidents to help affected and injured people.
A group of these vehicles are specifically designed to deal with special incidents. In these vehicles, there are various types of
protective clothing,devices for detecting hazardous materials, disinfectants, devices for collecting and preventing the loss of material, etc.
9 - Command and Operational Vehicle:
The incident has caused firefighting organizations to feel the necessity and importance of mobile command units.
This group of cars has been designed and built for this purpose.
Inside these vehicles, with the deployment of a variety of communications equipment, a suitable environment for firefighting commanders
is created, thus, they can design and implement as soon as possible a variety of crisis management or incident management systems.
10 - Support vehicle:
Types of water tankers, carriers for transporting bottles, car transporting cylinders and equipment for compressed air respiratory equipment,
a variety of vehicles carrying light equipment, cranes, loaders, bulldozers and ... The equipment of this group consists of fire trucks.
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