Types of technology and intelligence in firefighting
Technology and intelligence in firefighting, such as the use of artificial intelligence, mixed reality or autonomous vehicles, can be used and are being used today in ways that were not even imagined a decade ago. Mixed reality is a combination of physical and digital world that facilitates the interaction between human, computer and environment.
As firefighters get used to current technologies, firefighting automation and other innovations such as the use of big data, biometrics, facial recognition software, 360 video, and the use of gaming technology are emerging.
Technology and intelligence in firefighting and the integration of these systems help simplify everything from advance planning to incident dispatch and analysis.
Here is a list of nine technologies that could potentially change the way firefighters do their job:
1) Advanced biotelemetry:
In addition to heart rate, biometrics allow managers to check how hard internal crews are working. Combined with employee-connected monitoring and integrated with air management, advanced biometry makes firefighters safer in IDLH (chemical concentrations with immediate danger to life or health) environments.
2) Artificial intelligence or AI:
In the future, artificial intelligence will be able to analyze the amount of traffic in real time for the nearest dispatch point. It also provides object recognition through computer vision and alerts internal teams to existing environments that may change status.
3) Virtual, mixed and augmented reality (VR / MxR / AR):
First, we briefly explain these concepts to you:
• Virtual reality is a simulated experience that can be similar to the real world or completely different from it. VR immerses users in a completely artificial digital environment, and you will be completely placed in that environment by different hardware.
• Mixed reality is one of the technologies that holds promise for meeting these needs in many settings by integrating real-world observations and information with an immersive environment. MR connects virtual objects to the real world and enables the user to interact with virtual objects. Like weather reports.
• Augmented reality (AR) is an interactive experience of a real-world environment in which objects living in the real world interact with computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes in multiple sensory modes, including visual, auditory, tactile, sensory. And the smell increases. AR overlays virtual objects in the real world environment. This usually happens with different phones with phone cameras. It means that the user is dependent on one phone (mostly).
Focusing on providing education to citizens, training firefighters and increasing emergency response through these emerging operating systems is one of its advantages. It should be noted that children learn virtual reality much faster.
In fact, with the help of this game industry technology, firefighters can reduce imagined and real emergencies.
4) Independent vehicles:
On the ground and in the air, programmable vehicles transport the first firefighters and equipment before, during and after an incident, reducing human error. These wheeled and winged vehicles also play an important role in collecting and delivering data to firefighters through GPS, remote sensing and 360 degree 3D imaging capabilities.
5) Computer vision, edge detection and object detection:
Several systems have been developed by public (NASA) and private groups that provide firefighters with visual observation and thermal imaging. These new systems enable the detection of objects in the aircraft, which transmits alerts to unsuspecting firefighters and warns of an imminent building collapse.
6) Face recognition software:
This type of software already helps law enforcement protect the people they serve.
In the future, fire and medicine will use this type of computer vision to allow a firefighter to know the unconscious patient’s identity, next of kin, permission to treat, and medical history.
7) 360 movie:
These cameras are used underwater, on the ground and in the sky and can educate citizens and firefighters in many aspects of fire and life safety.
Today, through social media, they provide real-time visual representations that allow firefighters to mentally understand shooting, flooding, fire, and collapse scenes before they happen.
8) Big Data and Internet of Things (BD / IOT):
Firefighters have advanced situational awareness systems that use various data sets, along with multiple sensors and IoT, which have many advantages in saving victims. BD/IOT will continue to be an area of focus where network security is a well-known and fundamental issue in these developing platforms.
9) Smart cities:
A smart city is a framework created mainly from information and communication technology aimed at addressing the growing challenges of urbanization. A large part of this framework is essentially an intelligent network of connected objects and machines that transmit information using wireless technology and cloud computing. Cloud-based IoT applications receive, analyze and manage information in real time to help municipalities, companies and citizens make better decisions to improve their quality of life.
Smartening the city’s safety equipment and equipping the city with smart cameras and in the future with smart fire extinguishing sensors are among these initiatives. This kind of worldwide initiative brings them all together by providing 3D / 360 digital assets for fire prevention, mitigation response and research.
The use of digital design has been an important topic for decades and the current stunning advances in digital technology have influenced architecture and landscape design of architectural spaces. Today, with the changes they make in the environment, architects are seeking to adapt buildings to technology and use it to design smart environments. A space or environment is intelligent when it knows what people or artifacts are currently in it. As a result, it is in full interaction with them in space, so fire prevention offices will be part of an unimaginable set of maps to increase safety that communicate with phones, tablets, objects.